PrintRead more about nuclear power plants on the Great Lakes in my critically acclaimed book The Dynamic Great Lakes.  This book is available at the Bookman in Grand Haven, MI as well as and  $9.99.  A critically acclaimed non-fiction book


Rachel Carson  click the link to learn how Rachel Carson changed the world.  She inspired my husband and I to become activists after reading her book Silent Spring.  DDT was banned in Grand Haven, MI and then in Michigan after we formed the Michigan Pesticides Council.

I wrote The Dynamic Great Lakes to show that we really can correct mistakes made in the past.  The return of eagles, peregrine falcons and ospreys to the Great Lakes and the U.S.A. proves it.


DGLmap of Great Lakes


Lisa:Who were your mentors?

Barbara: My first mentor was my father, E. P. Reineke, a research scientist at M.S.U. in the physiology dept. He did some important original research there. I learned to love and appreciate nature from him. My husband, Norm Spring has been a long time outdoorsman and conservationist. I have learned a great deal about nature and the democratic process from him.

Lisa:What are some books that have changed your life?

Barbara:Silent Spring by Rachel Carson opened my eyes to what we are doing to the environment. After reading the book and recommending it to my husband, we both became activists on behalf of the environment before the first Earth Day in 1970. I also loved A Sand County Almanac by Aldo Leopold. I required my students to read it when I taught writing classes at Grand Valley State University.

Lisa:Who do you think would enjoy reading this book?

Barbara:I wrote The Dynamic Great Lakes for a general audience.

I spoke to school children this week. I opened my talk with a space photo of Planet Earth and explained that the water they saw was 98% salt water-only about 2% is freshwater. “Dang!” said a kid in surprise.

The audience for my book is really adults, but school age kids will find it interesting, too. It is an up to date reference to the five Great Lakes and their connecting waters: their fishes, dunes, wetlands, seasonal changes and changes caused by people. The Dynamic Great Lakes will be an eye-opener for anyone.

Lisa:Why is the Dynamic Great Lakes an important book?

Barbara:The Great Lakes are important but often misunderstood. They are about 20% of all the fresh surface water on this planet. People need to understand their dynamics in order to make sound decisions about them. Recently a grassroots movement in Michigan blocked oil companies from further oil exploration under Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. The risk of polluting the lakes with oil and noxious gases was intolerable. There will be more schemes that threaten the health of the Great Lakes. Armed with knowledge, people will demand the right thing of their government. They will also be careful of what they do in their personal decisions. The lakes’ water is low this year, but it will rise again. People who know this is a natural cycle will not build too close to the water.

Lisa:Why is this book a good choice for Earth Day?

Barbara:The book encourages people to think globally and act locally. Everything is connected to everything else. This means that what we burn, what we release in the water and land and what we eat are all connected. We often forget that we are part of the whole and flowing web of life. Our actions will affect us now and in the future.

Lisa:How is your book different from other books about the Great Lakes?

Barbara:I limited my topic to changes in the Great Lakes, both through natural forces and through changes caused by people. There have been a great many changes and I believe people will be interested in learning about the Pacific salmon planted in the lakes to feed on the pesky alewives that invaded them through the canals around Niagara Falls. They will be interested in other exotic species such as the zebra mussels and how they got into all five Great Lakes

Lisa: How did you research the book? Barbara:I began with observations. We live within view of Lake Michigan. I can observe the change of seasons and what kinds of fish are being caught. I have also observed all the other lakes and their connecting waters. I then set out to find out authoritative information about the lakes by interviewing experts. The book is interdisciplinary. I interviewed a geologist, fish biologists, and naturalists. I asked them for good sources in print. I went out on Grand Valley State University’s research vessel, Angus to see what research was being done. I enjoyed working on the Dynamic Great Lakes because there was always something new.

Lisa:What else have you written? Barbara:As a journalist, I have written articles for the Grand Rapids Press, a major newspaper in West Michigan. These articles were about travels, profiles of interesting people, and outdoor subjects. I also have had articles published in Michigan Out of Doors magazine, Michigan Natural Resources magazine, Muskegon Magazine, Field & Stream and many other publications.

Palisades Nuclear Power PlantPalisades nuclear power plant on Lake Michigan

There are 37 nuclear power plants in the Great Lakes watershed.  Pictured is Palisades Nuclear Power plant in Covert Michigan.  This plant should have been shut down years ago.  Its radioactive wastes are stored near the plant.  Its high level wastes are buried on site.  These wastes are so toxic and so long lasting that they threaten all life in and around the Great Lakes if released.  This is a threat to our greatest freshwater system on Planet Earth and future generations.

Pacific Salmon in Great Lakes  Here is an interesting link about changes in the Great Lakes fishes.

For more information, The Dynamic Great Lakes shows how many changes happen and continue to happen in the Great Lakes.  Available at, and many fine bookstores.

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The Dynamic Great Lakes Blog

We just saw an American Bald Eagle flying over Lake Michigan and it’s always a thrill to see this.

Years ago there were practically no eagles around the Great Lakes due to DDT. Their eggs would not hatch. After reading Rachel Carson’s book, Silent Spring, Norm Spring and I worked to ban DDT in our community and then the state. It took a long time for DDT to purge out of the Great Lakes system, but now we rejoice every time we see an eagle fly. This environmental success story was the inspiration for me to write The Dynamic Great Lakes.
It may be ordered from, Barnes & Noble and the book may be found in many independent bookstores.

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The Dynamic Great Lakes on Kindle    

click the link above

This critically acclaimed book is also available in paperback from many bookstores and online at, and many other places.


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By Garret Ellison mlive

At some point in the next few years, it’s very likely an 875-square-mile section of Lake Michigan off Wisconsin will officially become the second freshwater national marine sanctuary in the country.

But, if a handful of communities scattered across the Great Lakes have any say in the matter, it won’t be the last.

Five groups in four states are preparing nominations for marine sanctuary designations that may result in a national sanctuary in each of the five Great Lakes.

There are more nominations under development in the Great Lakes than any other part of the country, said Ellen Brody, Great Lakes region coordinator at the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) national marine sanctuary office.

Each community is in a different stage in the process, and there’s no ia points and must demonstrate “broad-based” public support in the 25-page application, which most commonly involves letters from local governments and stakeholder groups in the proposed area.

If NOAA accepts an application, it goes on a short list called an “inventory” of possible sites that might be designated protected sanctuaries, which, essentially, function like underwater national parks.

Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary in Lake Huron, established in 2000 and expanded from 448 square miles to 4,300 square miles in 2014, has become a tourism draw for Alpena, where the headquarters includes nautical displays, wreck tours and exhibits.

No guarantee any of the applications will be approved, but nominations are evaluated on 11 criteria.

Visit mlive for more about proposed freshwater sanctuaries on the Great Lakes.



Click the link to view Revolution

Film Review of Revolution
By Barbara Spring author of The Dynamic Great Lakes

As a young man who loves the oceans, and Earth’s living things, Rob Stewart has produced an award winning documentary film to show us what is being destroyed by the hand of man. The film is personal and heartfelt. It is eye opening and needs to be seen.

The photography is beautiful and shows coral reefs, tropical rain forests (the lemurs in Madagascar are especially enchanting) and just when I was entranced by all the beauty, the film shows the devastation of coral reefs caused by global warming and the effects of too much CO2 in the air; how the rain forests in Madagascar are being cleared due to human population growth and the need for more housing so the rare animals are losing their habitats.

Shocking film of the tar sands operations in Canada show how the forests are being burned and toxic wastes released into the air, earth and water. As a Canadian Stewart takes this personally

He shows some very basic ideas: how phytoplankton in the oceans produce the oxygen we all need and the loss of phytoplankton through the acidification of the oceans.

The documentary makes the point that corporations which profit immensely from polluting the Earth and governments that should be regulating these operations cannot be counted on to change: it is up to us. It is up to us as citizens to educate our communities.

Youth has the most at stake. A sixth grade teacher in the Orient taught her students about finning sharks, the practice of removing shark fins for soup.They worked to get this practice changed. (I know grass root changes such as this can work since I have worked on the ban of DDT where I live. Eventually DDT was banned in the U.S. and Canada.)

Stewart encourages us to work together to get corporations and government bodies to make changes. The problems are world wide and we are all in this together. He admits that in making the film he flew to many areas burning CO2 as flew in jets.

The film’s sound could have been better—I missed a few spoken words here and there—but it is a powerful film. I hope Stewart will continue in this important work.

Great Lakes

There is a threat near the tip of the mitten where Great Lakes waters flow under the  Mackinac Bridge: An oil spill there is an accident waiting to happen.  The Huffington Post explains.  Follow the link below.  Here is a revealing story about the threat to the Great Lakes system: oil.